Back pain: It's a very common condition in day to day life. Back pain could be because of various causes, the most obvious is by location. Many types of spinal problems can occur almost anywhere along the spine like Herniated Disk , Neck or Back Sprain, Spinal Cord Injury ,Scoliosis ,Poor Posture ,Spinal Stenosis ,Chronic Pain ,Bulging Disk ,Degenerative Disk Disease .

Proper clinical assessment and postural analysis are required for correct diagnosis in order to design the line of treatment on individual basis.

Neck pain: A sudden-onset (acute) bout of neck pain is common. This is called 'nonspecific neck pain' or readers neck. Most are probably due to sprains or bad posture. Full recovery occurs in most cases.

In chronic cases, usually Neck pain is commonly associated with dull aching,numbness, tingling, tenderness, sharp shooting pain, dizziness or light headedness. It can also be associated with headache, facial pain, shoulder pain, and arm numbness or tingling (upper extremity paresthesias). There are many conditions that can cause chronic neck pain like cervical degenerative disc disease, cervical herniated disc, cervical stenosis, or cervical arthritis, facet joint disorder

Knee pain: Knee pain has become quite common these days. It is not just restricted to the elderly population but is also a common occurrence among youngsters. It can be caused by a sudden injury, an overuse injury, or by an underlying condition, such as arthritis, bursitis, infection of the joint, tendonitis, ligament injury, meniscal injury. Common Symptoms of knee injury include pain, swelling , stiffness and difficulty in walking. Treatment is totally depends on the cause. The prognosis will be better and fast if treated at early stage with accurate diagnosis.

Ankle sprain: Ankle injury or ankle ligament injury, is that condition where one or more of the ligaments of the ankle is torn or partially torn. Typically the ankle is rolled either inward (inversion sprain) or outward (eversion sprain) which is the most common cause of ankle sprain. Mostly the diagnosis of ankle sprain is depends on the patient history, moreover an x ray is required to ruled out the fracture.

Mainly there are three grades of ankle sprain and the treatment is totally depends on the grades of ankle sprain. For a Grade I sprain, the treatment will be rest, ice ,compression , elevation of the foot .For a Grade II sprain, immobilize or splint your sprained ankle. Grade III sprain puts you at risk for permanent ankle instability. Rarely, surgery may be needed to repair the damage, especially in competitive athletes. For severe ankle sprains, a short leg cast for two to three weeks or a walking bootis needed.

Note: Returning to activity before the ligaments have fully healed may cause them to heal in a stretched position, resulting in less stability at the ankle joint. This can lead to a condition known as Chronic Ankle Instability (CAI), and an increased risk of ankle sprains and the treatment for this will be surgery and proper rehabilitation.

Tennis elbow: It caused by overuse of arm, forearm and hand muscles that results in elbow pain. It specifically involves the area where the muscles and tendons of the forearm attach to the outside bony area (called the lateral epicondyle) of the elbow. If it is not treated early the pain may be refereed to forearm and hand and can limit your activities of hand.

Frozen shoulder: also known as adhesive capsulitis, is a condition characterized by stiffness , pain and limited range of motion in your shoulder joint. It may happen after an injury or overuse or from a disease such as diabetes or a stroke. People who suffer from adhesive capsulitis usually experience severe pain and sleep deprivation for prolonged periods due to pain that gets worse when lying still and restricted movement/positions. Frozen shoulder can be diagnosed from signs and symptoms alone .There is a limited active and passive range of motion . X ray may be required to rule out other problems. The treatment involves controlling shoulder pain and improving range of motion in the shoulder .

Golfers elbow: Golfer's elbow (medial epicondylitis) causes pain and inflammation in the tendons that connect the forearm to the elbow. The pain centers on the bony bump on the inside of your elbow and may radiate into the forearm.

Carpel tunnel syndrome: Carpal tunnel syndrome causes pain, tingling, and numbness in your hand from pressure on the median nerve in your wrist. Some of the predisposing factors are diabetes, obesity, pregnancy, hypothyroidism and a narrow-diameter carpal tunnel due to wrist fracture. Occupational causes involve use of the hand and arm, such as heavy manual work, work with vibrating tools, and highly repetitive tasks like in computer jobs.

Treatment is physiotherapy in early stages but if not treated this condition can become severe and surgery may be required.

Planter fasciitis : jogger's heel, is a disorder that results in pain in the heel and bottom of the foot. The pain is usually most severe with the first steps of the day or following a period of rest. Plantar fasciitis commonly causes stabbing pain that usually occurs with your very first steps in the morning. Once your foot limbers up, the pain of plantar fasciitis normally decreases, but it may return after long periods of standing or after getting up from a seated position.

Plantar fasciitis is particularly common in runners. In addition, people who are overweight and those who wear shoes with inadequate support are at risk of plantar fasciitis.


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